Hillsborough Agreement 2010 Summary

After years of deadlock, the UK government has pledged to implement the legacy-related institutions outlined in the 2014 agreement as part of the January 2020 Stormont Recovery Agreement. However, uncertainty remains, particularly over how Johnson`s government will handle investigations into former members of the British security services for their actions in the northern Ireland conflict. Northern Ireland`s leaders face difficult challenges in providing basic services and managing denominational divisions. One of the most urgent tasks is to improve health services, which have become increasingly mired in crisis after the collapse of local authorities. About three hundred thousand people – about one-sixth of the population – were on waiting lists for health care by the end of 2019, and nurses and other employees went on strike in December of that year to protest lower wages than the rest of the UK. Until February 2020, many health unions had agreed with the government on higher wages and other demands on whether the health sector was on a sustainable path but remains open. The Northern Ireland Executive will have access to the reserve to deal with all the exceptional security constraints in policing and justice. On the same basis, cash will be ready to provide up to an additional $37.4 million in 2010/2011. The agreement required the transfer of authority over certain policy areas of the British Parliament to a newly created assembly in Belfast and paved the way for paramilitary groups to give up their weapons and engage in the political process.

It has contributed to a sharp decrease in violence and the annual death toll, which peaked at 480 in 1972, has fallen to one figure in recent years. The agreement was finally reached around midnight in the Stormont Parliament Building. Earlier in the evening, Sinn Féin said that the basis of an agreement was on the table and that it gave DUP leaders time to convince their party to accept it. Robinson came out of a meeting of party colleagues to confirm that he had unanimously ruled in favour of the proposals. Earlier this week, up to 14 members of the DUP assembly opposed a proposed agreement because it had not made enough concessions to trade unionists. The final withdrawal agreement between the EU and the UK has agreed on a complex solution to this delicate problem. Under the proposed regime, Northern Ireland, like the rest of the UK, would leave the EU customs union, the basis for common tariffs on all products imported into the bloc. However, the necessary customs checks would not take place at the border with the Republic of Ireland, but between Northern Ireland and Great Britain, creating a new border in the Irish Sea. Meanwhile, Northern Ireland – but not the rest of the UK – would continue to follow many of the EU`s internal market rules, so that the land border with Ireland could remain open. This regime is also supported by a separate agreement between Ireland and the United Kingdom allowing the free movement of persons between the two countries. The talks, which have focused on Hillsborough Castle outside Belfast, are the longest ongoing negotiations under the nearly 20-year peace process.

Sinn Féin had accused the DUP of blocking the transfer of police powers over the past three years, and there were fears that an agreement would lead to the collapse of the power-sharing government. Brown, who visited Belfast this morning, said the deal was possible through “a new spirit of mutual cooperation and respect.” The Good Friday Agreement, concluded in 1998, provided a framework for a political solution in Northern Ireland regarding the division of power between unionists and nationalists.





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