Paris Agreement After Ww1

The first meeting of the Council took place in Paris on 16 January 1920, six days after the treaty of Versaille and the League of Nations came into force. On 1 November, the League`s headquarters were transferred from London to Geneva, where the first general meeting was held on 15 November. Contract negotiations have also been weakened by the absence of other important nations. Russia had fought as one of the allies until its new Bolshevik government withdrew from the war in December 1917. The Allies refused to recognize the new Bolshevik government and therefore did not invite their representatives to the peace conference. The Allies were upset by the Bolshevik decision to reject Russia`s unpaid financial debts to the Allies and to publish the texts of secret agreements between allies on the post-war period. The Allies also excluded the defeated central powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria). Interconnected debts and repairs contributed to the financial and economic complications of the 1920s, culminating in the Great Depression, after the fall of Wall Street in October 1929. [48] The German nationalists exploited their exclusive responsibility in the war (Article 231 did not claim) in their fight against the treaty. Everyone agreed that some compensation was due, but the weight of public expectations made it impossible to find a number acceptable to both sides, and the Allies tarnished their arguments for reparation through their Jesuit behaviour. [49] Keynes (and many later writers) condemned the reparation settlement.

In the war speeches, Wilson and Lloyd George had ruled out any compensation (full reimbursement of war costs). The pre-ceasefire agreement limited responsibility for “all damage to the Civilian population of the Allies and their property by the land and sea aggression of Germany” (Repairs). This indicated that Belgium and France would receive the bulk of the payments, given that Great Britain had suffered little direct damage and the Dominions had not suffered any. Hughes strongly objected and Lloyd George`s sincerity with respect to the pre-ceasefire agreement (despite its careful design) was questioned. [44] After a series of remarkable successes and some early failures in the 1920s, the League proved unable in the 1930s to prevent the aggressions of the Axis powers.





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